There are different types of fabrics that we see and use for daily life. Some of them are natural and some of them can be synthetic or man-made. Among all these options, the acrylic fabric is a popular one that you will see. It is one type of protective clothing.
This fabric is something that has many purposes. There are many items of clothing for the winter or autumn season that are made with acrylic fiber. However, it can be a common question is what is the acrylic fabric? What is the acrylic fabric made of? Is acrylic fabric toxic? Is acrylic fabric stretchy or not, etc. It is common for you to think about these questions. And you also need proper answers to these questions.
Acrylic fabric is a man-made product. It has made with plastic threads. It has fossil fuels. So when you apply pressure and heat there, it creates a plastic solution. This chemical process makes acrylic fabric. Acrylic fiber is like nylon or polyester. As it has acrylic yarns woven, so you can use it as a warm and thick material. It will give you both insulation and warmth. And that’s why you can make coats, hoodies, sweaters, etc. It is a great alternative to wool.
If you are looking for more details about how acrylic fabric has been created or much more useful information about this fabric. So below we have tried to include all the information possible here.
What Is Acrylic Fabric?
With acrylic yarns woven, acrylic fabric has been created. It is a warm and thick material. So you will get both cushioning and warmness from this fabric. You can call it an affordable option to wear in colder seasons instead of wool material.
At the time of WWII, this fabric was created. It was made to replace natural fabric. In 1950, this fabric had become popular among people. Most people wear it in the winter season and it was a trend among residents.
In 1970, environmental awareness increased. So people knew the dangers of these synthetic fibers that are plastic-based. So the production was back out in the USA. And that’s when the popularity become to fade away.
However, many Asian countries manufacture this acrylic fabric. It is a popular choice to make winter clothes instead of using wool as it can be expensive. So overall, it is a popular fabric.
Is Acrylic Natural or Synthetic?
There are two types of fibers in the world. One is a natural fiber that you get from nature. And another one is synthetic, which is entirely man-made. It means you need extra chemicals and processing. And man-made fabrics are easily available.
Acrylic fiber is a cheap alternative to wool. This fabric is not something that you will get from nature. You have to make it artificially with acrylonitrile. That’s why you can say Acrylic fabric is not natural. It is synthetic.
What is Acrylic Fabric Made Of?
There are different processes to make this fabric. As it is a man-made fabric, so you need to go through several chemical processes like the other synthetic fabrics such as polyester, nylon, etc. So here we will tell you all the processes that you need to make acrylic fabric.
First, you need to make acrylonitrile polymer polyacrylonitrile. For this reason, you need to use a water-based solution. It will create a reaction technique that is mostly known as radical polymerization. This is how you need to start your preparation.
Also, you can create colored acrylic fiber in this step. It will save you time in the future when you are making acrylic fabric.
After then, you have to use a powerful chemical solvent. It will dissolve the polymer and makes it easy for you to do the next step to make acrylic fabric. And your solution is ready for the next step.
Once you have dissolved the polymer, it will give you a gel-like material. Now it will be easy for you to do spinneret and make acrylic fiber. You can make these fibers in the same solvent solution, which is known as wet spinning.
Step-4: Dry Spinning
This process is called dry spinning. If you don’t want to or like the idea of making fibers through wet spinning, then you can use this process to the spinneret. It is a friendly and safe way to do it.
Step-5: Washing and Stretching
After making the fibers, you need to wash them. Once you have washed them, you need to stretch and crimp them enough to make sure they have become both long and thin.
Once the fibers became filament enough that you can turn them into yarn, you need to load them onto bobbins. After then, you have to ship them to textile goods makers.
Now it is time for manufacturers to weave these fibers and make them acrylic fabric. And then they can make clothes or anything. They can add dyes or anything to give these fibers a pattern
Does acrylic fabric shrink?
The acrylic fabric has flexible fibers. So you can say they blend very well with the other types of fabric while using it to make a garment. It is versatile enough to work on everything. And you can say it has great features.
Because of the fast drying feature, you can say it dries quickly, unlike wool. And that’s why it always remains in its shape. It doesn’t shrink like the other types of fabric materials.
What Different Types of Acrylic Fabric Are There?
Now you must be wondering about the types of acrylics. There are mainly 4 types of fabrics you will see. Now we will talk about them. These are
This type of fabric has 85% pure acrylonitrile. It is number 1 among all the acrylic fabrics. Usually, these types of fabrics are for clothing.
Although this type of fiber is acrylic it has other polymers. It has a high degree of vinylidene chloride. That’s why it is more durable than regular acrylic. This type of fiber is flame-resistant. It will always be in its shape than the normal acrylic fabrics.
The main material of Nytril is vinylidene dinitrile. That’s why it is different than acrylic fiber. It is because acrylic has acrylonitrile. After 1960, this fabric hasn’t produced. It is hard to work with them. That’s why it is not popular and doesn’t produce like the other fabrics.
Lastrile is a proper mixture of a diene with acrylonitrile. It is like acrylic. So you don’t need to worry about elasticity with it.
Acrylic fabric vs Polyester
Some people might say that both polyester and acrylic fiber is the same. But the thing is although they are both synthetic, there is a huge difference between them.
Because of the insulating material, you can say acrylic fiber is more heated. Even some people say this fabric can make them feel warmer than wool. It has a tight weave, so you will feel warm in it.
On the other hand, polyester also keeps you warm. But if you think about it, then you can say polyester better serves as fill material in a coat rather than outside.
Both acrylic and polyester are naturally hydrophobic. So water can pass through both of them. That’s why you can say both of them are water-resistant. But there is a difference between them.
But the difference between them is moisture-wicking balance. Polyester can make sure to elaborate with sweating. But when it is acrylic, it cant do the same job.
Polyester has more breathability than acrylic. Acrylic doesn’t have any ventilation. On the other hand, polyester has an airing system. The yarns’ shape also makes a lot of difference. Polyester can absorb water. But acrylic can’t do this. So overall, it depends on the construction of the fabric.
The construction of polyester is tougher and more durable than acrylic fabric. The molecules in polyester are attached strongly. But if you are talking about decomposition, then the acrylic fabric is better. The polyester material can hold up well in the bad situation
Acrylic is like wool. So you can say it will give you both comfort and warmth. So if you wear this fabric in the colder months, then it would make you feel comfortable.
For the summer months, polyester would be a great choice. Because it has a breathable feature. So you won’t feel uncomfortable to wear. So both of these materials will give you different comfort levels.
If you are talking about fabric cost, then remember, it depends on the materials of the fabric. Usually, synthetic material is a cheaper version of natural fibers. But for a manufacturing process, the acrylic fabric is more expensive than the polyester one.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Acrylic Fabric
There are many advantages and disadvantages of acrylic fabric. And here we are going to discuss it.
Advantages of Acrylic Fabric
- Among all the man-made fabrics, acrylic fabric is the warmest.
- It is wrinkle-resistant and can hold shape for a longer time than you think.
- Acrylic fabrics are easy to take care of. So it means you won’t have to work too hard for it.
- It is soft and lightweight. So you will feel comfortable while wearing it.
- This fabric is resistant to moths, mold, and mildew.
- Because of the Hydrophobic feature, it doesn’t absorb water.
Disadvantages of Acrylic Fabric
- It static clings once you put it into the dryer.
- Because of the insulating properties, sometimes it produces too much heat on your skin.
- This fabric can melt in high temperatures. So you have to be careful.
- Also, it is prone to pilling. So it would be better to air dry.
As acrylic fabric has a complex process with fossil fuels, so you can say it is a man-made fabric. Because of the weaving, you can say it looks like wool. And people also use it like wool fabric. For winter clothes, acrylic fabrics are the best to use after wool. Do you find it comfortable to wear acrylic fabric? If it is, then us know through the comment.